The birds that live in deep pool in Manabí, 356 kilometers from Quito, they are in danger of extinction. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) list warns that a good part of the 212 species that fly through the area are threatened.
deep pool It is a hydraulic dam located in the upper part of the Portoviejo River. Its construction dates back to 1971. The dam’s dam is more than 1.2 kilometers long and its reservoir contains more than 100 million cubic meters of water. The dam is essential to provide drinking water to three cities and to irrigate an area of 10,000 hectares.
After a record made by environmental organizations, it was established that 212 species of birds fly around the dam, in the protective forest of Poza Honda. Among them stand out the black-eared quail, the chachalacas, the brown chilacoa, the slate-headed, the gray buzzard hawk, the wild pigeon, the scaly-headed, the western-headed ticotic and the Guayaquil woodpecker. Some of these species are at risk caused by human actions.
According to daily collection The universe, Jurg Arneta Swiss resident in the sector, indicated that they are seeking to carry out a study area for ornithologists to determine a protection zone for birds, because there is no management strategy for the protective forest and neither has the water reserve been declared for water. potable: “There is no complete fauna and flora inventory. We as volunteers are gradually doing the bird thing. Others have made a part of the native trees, but there are introduced species, such as teak, that are not from Ecuador”said.
In accordance with Roddy Maciasformer director of the Environment in Manabí, explained that the bodies of water and forests are attractive for migrating bird species, finding resting and feeding points in these places: “I think the main thing there is to increase the protection of the area. We must avoid the expansion of livestock activity, such as logging and waste directly to the reservoir, affecting the quality of the water”, assured to The universe.
A study carried out in 2016 by Maria Fabiola Montenegro and Francisco Celi Jimenez resolved that the influence of human beings in the Poza Honda area has caused the fauna of the place to decrease, this because wild birds are used as food.
Research indicates that the 55% of respondents use partridge meat and guaracha for consumption. While 24% assured that birds such as the Falco sparrowhawk or owls serve as food for domestic dogs.
In addition, other birds would be captured to be sold as pets or for medicinal purposes. The inhabitants of the place believe that the blood of the tick bird, mixed with a soda or pure, can cure asthma. Also, To combat obesity, the inhabitants create an ointment whose main ingredient is the brain of the bubulcus heron. They place that cream in the area where you want to lose weight
Research indicates that: “6% mention the usefulness of birds as an amulet to attract love: the use of the hummingbird, quindes or hummingbirds are used by the men of the community to conquer the loved one. The ritual consists of extracting the heart of this little bird, preserving it in perfumes or cologne; then, the extract of this concentrate is given to the person they want to conquer”.
In addition to home remedies and other uses of the birds that fly in the dam, Arnet indicates that there are construction projects that would threaten the Poza Honda ecosystem: “Now they are trying to make the Poza Honda ring road with the Provincial Council of Manabí , but there is no project presented. The environmental permit is driving from Portoviejo between friends (nothing in writing). And they come and put machinery, without measurements, without socialization, without environmental study ″, he pointed out.