New physics theory suggests that black holes are important to the expansion and contraction cycles of the universe

The universe is expanding. No one majoring in astronomy or physics would accept this fact.

Likewise, in the next billions of years, no one really accepted that the universe would expand. so farExhaust power for further expansion. At this point, something needs to be changed. This is where the controversy begins.

There’s a new summary in that cosmological argument, and it’s a file. According to a new study, according to astronomers Daniela Pérez and Gustavo Romero at the Argentine Institute of Radio Astronomy, the universe is expanding and contracting repeatedly, and only large black holes have escaped these endless cycles of destruction and renewal. These cycles are part of what cosmologists call a “cosmic leap.”

The mathematical model of a theoretical black hole is the focus of a study by Pierce and Romero published in Science last month. physical review d.

“Our main conclusion is that this solution represents a dynamic black hole present in all eras of the outstanding cosmological model,” they wrote.

In other words, Pierce and Romero’s black hole survived, and despite destroying everything around it, the universe eventually collapsed on its way to being reborn.

This is a compelling discovery. Leandros Perivolaropolos, a physicist at Ionina University in Greece who was not involved in the study, said the question of the black hole’s role in the rebounding universe is “obviously intriguing,” as you can see in this article.

But beware: there are a lot of assumptions in Pierce and Romero’s argument. As the universe expands from contraction, all the laws that guide our understanding of physics will likely go out the window. We can try to figure out what we can’t understand.

“General relativity breaks both the integrity of the black hole and the integrity of the cosmic bounce,” Perivolaropoulos said. So no decision can be taken seriously on this basis.”

In other words, the moment the universe collapses to a minimum before it jumps backwards, gravity will stop working normally. This is what we call the singularity: an exception to the laws of physics. We don’t know how a black hole works when the rules don’t apply.

Perivolaropoulos added that Pierce and Romero’s methods “have great potential for improvement, to put it mildly”.

General relativity breaks down both the integrity of the black hole and the integrity of the cosmic bounce. So no big decision can be made on the basis of it.

Leandros Perivolaropoulos, University of Ioannina

The basic idea that the universe is expanding and contracting over and over is clearly not new. Cosmic mobility is one of the many leading theories among cosmologists who study the origin and fate of the universe.

In fact, at least one group of scientists believes that our 13.7 billion-year-old universe is at the end of a very recent phase of expansion. Let’s start shrinking again in a hundred million years or a few billion years or tens of thousands of years on the road to a new leap.

Alternative theories for the ways in which the universe will end include slowing down and freezing, collapsing on its own or spinning in countless fragmented pocket universes. Of all the options, it’s clear why cosmic navigation attracts the most attention. This is a neat way of explaining some of the strange things we see around us in space.

For one thing, it may help explain why these strange, scattered objects exist in a universe that is often uniformly empty. constellations. stars. planets. People. Irregularities in space are a byproduct of infinite expansion and contraction.

Navigating the largest black holes can feel. In particular, the “enormous” type, which is billions of times larger than our Sun, exerts a gravitational force so strong that not even light can escape.

So far, we have identified these two large black holes using the New World Line of Radio Telescopes. Event horizon telescope. One thing is observed in the center of our Milky Way. There was another Messier found in the heart of 87 galaxies 54 million light-years away.

A black hole has an object very close to being unique – an exception to the accepted laws of physics – that we can observe directly with our telescope. At the heart of an impossibly dense dark black hole, our understanding of the universe is crumbling. As Perivolaropoulos said.

There is something special about something big and dense. Every time the universe explodes huge black holes can be helped by something special to survive, and all that’s left is squeezed into a nice dough of some kind of matter and energy.

Their survival may be important. Perhaps it is no coincidence that black holes exhibit their distinct difference when everything around them shrinks uniformly. Black holes may be one of the reasons why the universe is penetrating second After one or more contractions every 30 billion years.

According to Perez and Romero, there are reasons to believe that large black holes remain the same after the cosmic bounce, helping to recreate the universe by re-feeding matter into space and mixing newly expanding matter with its energy.

“If black holes pass through a bounce, they can create obstacles that can lead to early structural formation of the galaxy during the expansion phase,” they wrote. Black holes can act as regenerative or regenerative machines, if you wish – helping to form galaxies, stars and planets in a re-emerging galaxy.

Black holes may be one reason why the universe is able to bounce back once every 30 billion years after one or more contractions.

This is an attractive idea. Especially in light of another theory (parallel to the idea of ​​cosmic jumping) that gains credibility that there are supermassive black holes at the center of every galaxy. We haven’t found all of them yet.

Strictly speaking, Perez and Romero were not the first astronomers to study the relationship between the rebounding universe and large black holes. Bernard Carr and Timothy Clifton from Queen Mary University of London, along with Alan Cooley from Dalhousie University in Canada; Black holes have been surviving cosmic bumps for years now. “This is the math we’ve suggested is possible,” Cooley told the Daily Beast.

The difference is that black holes, like Goliath and his colleagues, are embedded in the surrounding structure of the shrinking universe, but not in it. This would make it easier for black holes to withstand the attack of objects within the structure of the universe.

There are black holes in the thinking of Perez and Romero inside structure. “They look a little different,” Cole said. In the concept of a rebound universe, black holes are much more difficult than anyone had previously imagined—and even more important for the new expansion of the universe.

If there’s a risk that Perez and Romero, along with Cooley and his fellow editors, share a cosmology corner, it’s that the hard data about leaping universes and enduring the largest black holes will be too weak. Our exploration of space is limited. We can only see through old telescopes.

To get the best handling of the potential black hole-assisted cosmic bounce, we need to find more black holes. Especially large in the centers of galaxies. We also need better measurements of the background radiation of the universe. A good study of radiation may indicate cycles of expansion and contraction.

The good news is that these observations will soon be possible. A new BICEP sequence, a group of four radio telescopes being built at the South Pole, will give us good radiation measurements over the next few years. Expect more images (and even some movies) of large black holes from the event’s Horizon Telescope.

When cosmologists like Perez, Romero, and Cooley begin discovering black holes everywhere, and recording the delimited radiation patterns of a jumping universe, we should begin to become convinced that all we can see and imagine is far less. Unique than we previously thought.

In fact, we live in the third, hundred or thousandth version of the universe after repeated bounces, each always fed by large black holes.