Sightings of endemic species increased in Mexico City

American lynx sighting in Mexico. (Photo: file)

Results of the Mexico City Biodiversity Monitoring Program highlighted new sightings of endemic species of ecosystems in CDMX. wildlife like the terrestrial snake of the center, the coyote in Tlalpan and Magdalena Contreras, birds such as the Forster tern, the Aztec Blackbird. Including two other species of hummingbirds that were no longer so common to see in the city.

This is definitely good news, since it seems that the extinction of certain species can be gradually stopped and in Mexico City it is being achieved.

The information was given within the framework of the commemoration of the first 50 years of the proclamation of World Environment Day. Therefore, the institution in charge of this issue is the Ministry of the Environment (Headquarters) and it was they who reported the sighting of different species of interest. Among which are: the coyote, the American lynx and the gray fox, animals that only live in areas with a habitat in excellent conditions, which means that these types of ecosystems still exist.

According to the Urban Biodiversity Index, with the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO) encouraging records were obtained. well of 355 existing bird species increased to 397 species, counting those that inhabit and visit the city, a total of 42 new species remained.

Forster's Tern has been observed in the Xochimilco Ecological Park.  (Photo: Ministry of the Environment)
Forster’s Tern has been observed in the Xochimilco Ecological Park. (Photo: Ministry of the Environment)


The animal categories recorded in the new sightings are the following: 18 species of hummingbirds like the black bearded hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri) and the opaque hummingbird (Phaeoptila sordida).

In the Desert of Lions, they appeared seven sightings of Bobcat, Gray Fox, Coyote, Long-horned Bat, Aztec Blackbird, Forster’s Tern, Sora Chick, Valley of Mexico Mountain Chameleon, Cooper’s Hawk, and the terrestrial snake of the center.

The increase in native fauna coincides with the areas in which restoration, cleaning and preservation of the environment have been applied. Because Mexico City has diverse ecosystems that are often overlooked for living in the busy asphalt jungle. The improvements were made from 2019 to date to improve socio-environmental conditions, as well as monitor and save the rich biodiversity of Mexico.


The ecosystems in the city are composed of pine forests, oaks, grasslands, thickets; aquatic and urban vegetation, and agricultural areas. In the country you can find a bit of everything, which is why animals migrate to this side of the hemisphere and why Mexico has so many endemic species. The division of areas in CDMX is this: 40% of its territory is mainly for urban use and 33% of temperate forests, grasslands and thickets.

Just to make it clear, biodiversity or also known biological biodiversity refers to the variety of life that exists in a given space, the place where plants and animals coexist with their environments that we call ecosystems. In terms of biodiversity, the capital is home to 7% of all species of vascular plants of the country, including 229 species that are endemic. Occupying the 27th place in terms of plant richness, above states such as Yucatan or Quintana Roo.

These are just some of the reasons why recycling, not littering and respecting green areas is of vital importance to all residents of the capital. Let us remember that we do not live alone.


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