This is how dogs and cats are given medicines

Giving medication to a companion animal can be a stressful process, both for the animal and for the owner. For this reason, the biologist and veterinarian Enrique Vallejo shares the best recommendations for giving medications to dogs and cats in the new episode of Animal health.

liquid medications

To provide a syrup, it can be diluted in water or combined with some type of wet food. However, if the dog or cat does not approach the food due to the smell of the medicine, the dose can be diluted in water and given with the help of a syringe without a needle.

Step by step for dogs:

1. Hold the jaw firmly and insert the tip of the syringe into the corner of the lip.

2. Keep your head tilted up to help you swallow the liquid.

3. Make sure he doesn’t vomit in the next few minutes.

Step by step for cats:

1. Take the cat in your arms and keep its snout tilted up.

2. Insert the tip of the syringe into the side of your mouth and slowly release the liquid.

3. If the cat begins to foam or salivate a lot, the medication may need to be further diluted.

pill medications

The easiest way to give dogs a pill is to hide it in a wet snack or in their daily food. Another recommendation is to consult with the veterinarian if the medicine can be crushed or combined with food. If this is not possible, you can follow these recommendations from veterinarian Enrique Vallejo to give him solid medications:

Step by step for dogs:

1. Hold him and open his mouth by pressing the sides of his jaw.

2. Put the medication as far back on the palate as possible.

3. Keep your mouth closed for a few seconds or until you stick out your tongue. This will help you swallow the tablet.

Step by step for cats:

1. Hold the cat and put one hand on its head.

2. Put your thumb and forefinger behind his fangs and with the help of the other hand gently open his mouth.

3. Put the pill as far back on the roof of the mouth as possible and keep the jaw closed for a few seconds.

Medicines in creams or drops

If they are topical medications, whether they are creams or drops in the eyes or ears, these steps can be followed to make the process safe. Before doing so, the area must be cleaned before applying the medicine.

In case of eye drops, the head of the dog or cat should be immobilized to avoid injury, gently open the eyelids, apply the drop and stop blinking immediately. In the case of ear drops, you should also hold your head on one side so that the drop enters more easily and massage the base of the ear after applying the drop. In both cases of drops and creams, avoid shaking or wiping immediately so that the medicine has the desired effect.

After supplying any type of medicine to pets, they can be rewarded with some type of treat suitable for them. This reinforces the idea that medications are good and do not relate them to a moment of stress. It is important Approach your pet calmly, be patient with them, and keep your medications separate from those of humans.

Animal health is the program of Semana Play where veterinarian and biologist Enrique Vallejo shares recommendations for dog and cat owners to learn more about their health.

Biologist and veterinarian Enrique Vallejo is the founder of the renowned and award-winning Kanicat veterinary clinic, located in Bogotá. Vallejo understands the relationship between pets and their owners as a deep connection in which animals become an extension of their environment and of the person with whom they share. This is why his veterinary practice is not simply treating an animal’s discomfort, but rather understanding the root of the problem and interpreting what dogs and cats want to convey.

Keep learning with Dr. Enrique Vallejo about how to keep your pets healthy for longer. Connect every week to the new episodes of Animal Health in Play Week.