Although most of the time the “pet passport” is rather a metaphorical term for a list of personal data of the human that moves it and the veterinary certificates of up-to-date vaccinations and zero diseases that must be presented. The requirements for animals to travel vary greatly between continents and countries.
It is important to know them if you are looking to take your furry outside with you. Also remember that favorite toys and snacks are great for travel, and many animals find comfort with a familiar-smelling object, such as a stuffed animal or their owner’s t-shirt, inside their travel crate.
HOW TO START?
“The European Union was the pioneer in the practice of pet passports, in countries like Russia or China pet passports are seen, but in reality they are not an official document, like a human passport. It is rather a consolidation of all the information about the pet. The United States does not require a pet passport at all. Beth Schutte, CEO of the Import and Export Center which manages the reception and quarantine center on the landing strip of the New York JFK airport, for traveling animals. In addition, Schutte is a member of the board of directors of the International Pet and Animal Transport Association (IPATA).
The dog trainer and author perth debrawho has worked with the furry friends of celebrities such as Nicole Kidman, Jennifer Aniston, Mariah Carey Y Sarah Jessica Parkerbelieves it’s never too early to make your pet more comfortable with traveling, even for short distances.
“Basically, the first time you have to prepare it for the trips you are going to make”, he assures. “Crate training sets them up for proper training for everything else. Once the dog or cat is used to the crate, they enjoy their surroundings. You can do this by planning special trips, car rides, or even if you want to take your sweetheart to a hotel,” says Debra.
For his part, Schutte recommends working with a travel agency, from each country of origin, that is trustworthy and specialized in the transport of animals; some of them can be found by consulting the list of IPATA approved companies.
You should also check to see if your current vet is familiar with travel regulations and consider a visit or two to another vet if this is not the case. To reduce panic for both human and pet, working with someone who is familiar with the latest paperwork and restrictions will help reduce stress and make sure everything is in order on the big day.
FROM ECUADOR TO THE UNITED STATES
transport of animals to USA is the responsibility of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the Department of Agriculture, better known by its acronym APHIS. Pets are defined here as dogs, cats, rabbits, ferrets, hedgehogs, and most categories of reptiles, amphibians, and rodents. These animals must be owned by a private individual and not intended for scientific experiments or for sale. There is one important exception to the pet guidelines. If you have a pet bird, you will need to provide additional information to a veterinarian located in an authorized port. The Department of Fish and Wildlife may also have to intervene.
Ecuadorian users interested in moving their pets to the United States must meet a new essential requirement: obtain the pet import permit issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention US (CDC)
The Phytosanitary and Zoosanitary Regulation and Control Agency Agrocalidad noted that the procedure consists of requesting written approval in advance by sending an email to [email protected] at least 30 business days (six weeks) before the date on which the pet is scheduled to enter that country. This because of Ecuador is part of a list of high-risk countries for the importation of canine rabies into the United States. Other countries on the Americas and Caribbean list are Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. The measure also affects countries of Asia, Middle East, Eastern Europe and Africa.
Agrocalidad warned that the US CDC will not issue import permits upon arrival. He added that that country will deny entry to pets that arrive without written approval from the CDC issued in advance, they will be returned to the country of origin and the associated expenses will be borne by the human importer. The website of APHIS contains useful information about transporting animals within and outside the country, as well as between states and territories, since places like Hawaii and Puerto Rico They have stricter regulations.
There are occasional exceptions to the rules in cases of emergency; for example, right now, the animals that are brought from Ukraine they can have their documentation in order more quickly due to the situation that exists there. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has specific guidelines for animals traveling by plane.
One of the advantages of European Union is that travel is quite easy for humans and their pets within those countries. The best thing you can do is make sure your pet is up to date on rabies shots and carry that documentation with you just in case when crossing a border.
Pet passports of the European Union can only be issued by authorized veterinarians in the member countries of the EU. Those of the United Kingdom, the United States or other nations. Any pet coming to the EU from a foreign country must be microchipped, vaccinated against rabies and over 12 weeks old. If you are coming from the Central or South American United States, you will need to fill out the Annex II form issued by APHIS.
Airlines have different policies on whether or not pets can travel in the cabin with their owners – size and breed play a role. Be sure to do your research before you book or buy air or train tickets in Europe.
Due to the Brexit, UK is no longer part of the European Union, and now there are different requirements to bring a pet to the country. These rules apply to England, Scotland and Wales and not Northern Ireland, which has its own policies. Pets entering the UK must be microchipped, vaccinated against rabies and have a valid pet passport or health certificate.
Dogs should also be given a worm treatment before travelling. Also, some breeds of dogs, such as pit bulls and the japanese coughsThey are totally prohibited. Being an island, the UK strictly enforces its animal transport regulations. Failure to fill out the paperwork correctly or bring the proper documents can result in your pet being denied boarding, confiscated upon arrival and forced to spend up to four months in quarantine. The UK has also streamlined the process for pets being transported from Ukraine.
ARRIVING IN ECUADOR
To enter Ecuador, the entity in charge of control and regulation for the protection and improvement of animal health, plant health and food safety, is the Agrocalidad Phyto and Zoosanitary Regulation and Control Agency, part of the Department of agriculture. There it is necessary, depending on the breed and type of pet, to find out the specific protocol for its entry into the country.
The zoosanitary export certificate must be issued or endorsed by the Official Veterinary Service of the country of origin, with an issue date no greater than 10 calendar days, prior to the entry of the animals into Ecuador, indicates on its website, Agrocalidad.